ABOUT BUENOS AIRES
Buenos Aires is a singular, open and integrating destination that allows the visitor not only to view the city but also to live an exceptional urban adventure. Because Buenos Aires combines varied experiences and this variety may suit all tastes – Bue is really close to any visitor.
This section offers information for all those who want to live the experience of Buenos Aires: what a person invited to have a meal at a porteño’s house should know, the most usual expressions, the basic phrases needed to walk around the city, what precautions should be taken, the maximum and minimum temperatures in each month, and much more.
Buenos Aires was founded twice:
The first foundation was in 1536. Don Pedro de Mendoza, a Spanish colonizer, established the first settlement. He named it Ciudad del Espíritu Santo y Puerto Santa María del Buen Ayre. The second, and final, foundation was in 1580. Juan de Garay called the site Ciudad de Trinidad.
In the 19th. century, the port was the arrival point for the great migratory wave promoted by the Argentine State to populate the nation. Spanish, Italian, Syrian-Lebanese, Polish and Russian immigrants provided Buenos Aires with the cultural eclecticism that is so characteristic of the city.
During the 20th. century, successive immigrations - from the provinces, other Latin American countries and Eastern countries ? completed the picture of Buenos Aires as a cosmopolitan city in which people with different cultures and religions live together.
The climate of Buenos Aires is mild all year round. The mean annual temperature is 18º C (64.4º F), making extremely hot and cold days very infrequent. Thus, visitors can enjoy walking around the city in any season.
July is the coldest month. Although frosts are rare, a woollen coat, a jacket or an overcoat and a scarf will be required when going out. In winter, cold is moderate during the day, but temperature considerably drops at night.
In summer, the weather is hot and humid. Mornings are warm and during midday and the first hours of the afternoon, the temperature rises. At night, temperature goes down slightly, so people may wear light clothes; coats are not needed.
Rains are more frequent in autumn and spring (from March to June and from September to December, respectively). They are mild or last a short time, thus activities are not hampered and people usually go out with an umbrella or a raincoat.
In the sunny days of autumn and spring, mornings are slightly cold; the temperature rises at midday and drops again at night.
The official language is Spanish. Something to note is the use of vos (you) instead of the Spanish tú for informal treatment, and the use of che to address a person.
"che": this expression is used to attract a person's attention and allows addressing someone without using his or her name: Che, ¿me podés decir la hora? (Che, could you tell me the time?). It expresses familiarity.
The porteños easily understand persons who speak Italian and Portuguese. Most people involved in tourist activities speak English.
As in any other big city in the world, the tourist should take some precautions. For example, avoid leaving your purse or bag hanging from chairs in public places, as well as walking at night along poorly lit areas.
If, during your visit, suffer some kind of abuse or discrimination, communicate whit the Tourist Ombudsman, phone number: 4302 7816. To contact personally, can go to Ave. Pedro de Mendoza 1835 ("Benito Quinquela Martin" Museum) in the neighborhood of La Boca. From Monday to Sunday, from 10 AM to 6 PM. Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tourist Police Station
This police station headquarters receives any formal complaints from tourists in cases of offenses, thefts, petty steal, losses, whereabouts and failed meetings. It also works on crime prevention. You can here also receive help in the case of extraordinary procedures before embassies or consulates.
You will get information from people speaking in English, Italian, French, Portuguese, Ukrainian and Japanese. Address: Avenida Corrientes 436 telephone: 0800 999 5000 / 4346 5748 mail: email@example.com
Two airports serve the city: Jorge Newbery Airport. Tourists coming from the interior of the country or from bordering countries arrive at this airport located by the riverside, five minutes away from downtown.
Ezeiza International Airport. Visitors from the rest of the world are welcomed at this airport located 15 minutes away from downtown through a highway. Offers taxi, remise, transfer and bus services 24 hours a day.
Ezeiza “Ministro Pistarini” International Airport
Jorge Newberry Metropolitan Airport
Abasto: Corrientes 33247 (Balvanera) Open hours: every day 10 to 22)
Alto Palermo: Arenales 3360. Open hours: every day (10 to 22).
Buenos Aires Design Recoleta: Av. Pueyrredón 2501 (M a Sat. -10 to 21. Sunday & Holidays 12 to 21. Terrace with restaurantes.
Caballito Shopping Center: Av. Rivadavia 5108 (every day 10 to 22).
Easy Home Center: Av. Bullrich 345 y Cerviño. (every day 8.30 to 22).
Galerías Pacífico: Florida y Av. Córdoba (M to Sat 10 a 21. Sundays12.00 to 21.)
Paseo Alcorta: Jerónimo Salguero 3172 (every day 10 to 22)
Paseo La Plaza: Av. Corrientes 1660 (Mon to Thursday and Sunday 10 to 20. Fridays and Saturdays 10 to 4.)
Patio Bullrich: Av. del Libertador 750 y Posadas 1245 (every day 10 to 21.)
Solar de la Abadía: Luis María Campos 900
Banks open at 10 am and close at 3 pm (some banks extend their closing time to 4 pm). Cash extractions and other transactions may be made in ATMs, 24 hours a day.
The suburban neighborhood of Tango and Milonga, invites us to meet one of its more distinguished neighbours; Carlos Gardel. The life and work of this mythical figure is reproduced in a typical house where the “Morocho del Abasto” lived, until his trip to France. Here stands the Carlos Gardel’s Museum. The course through this artist’s life continues on Carlos Gardel Street, where it’s monument is located.
The “Abasto Market” that still preserves its antique facade, has become an attractive shopping center with lots of different proposals, one of them is the “Museo de los Ninos” (the kid’s museum) where children have a wonderful place to play and enjoy.
Abasto is the place chosen by tango lovers who want to be involved with its history, and dance the rhythm of its magic; “El Museo del Tango” (The Tango Museum) waits its visitants to delight them with the charm of the 2x4.
Concentrated in the biggest green spaces of the city; it is famous for its “Rodesdal” (Roses Garden), its “Jardin Japones” (Japanese Garden), “El Jardin Botanico Carlos Thays” (The botanic Garden names Carlos Thays), and the Zoo. Nearby, it is “La Rural” a fairground where every year an exhibition of agriculture, livestock and industry takes place. Palermo also has an astronomical center: “Planetario Galileo Galilei” (Galileo Galilei Planetarium). In this zone there is also the “Museo de Artes PLasticas Eduardo Sivori” (Museum of Plastic Arts Eduardo Sivori); “El Campo Argentino de Polo” (The Argentine Polo Field) and “Hipodromo de Palermo” (the Palermo Racetrack) We can also find the exclusive gastronomic pole called “Las Canitas”
Centre for banks, commercial offices, theatres, cinemas, cafes shops, hotels and restaurants. It is the civic centre for the national and local governments.
“La Plaza de Mayo” is the most well known Argentine square in the world. It was the historical scenery for the most important political changes. The “Piramide de Mayo” first monument built; to commemorate the 1810 revolution. The National Executive Power of the city functions. There are guided visits for tourists. A tourist primordial walk is “Avenida de Mayo”, it was the first avenue of Buenos Aires. It was the stage for presidential parades, carnivales and crowded burials. Another avenue known worldwide is 9th July Avenue, which took its name from the date of the Argentine Independence 1816, it is also the widest avenue in the world.
“El Obelisco” is situated on it, built in 1936 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the first Spanish settlement in the “Rio de la Plata.” Corrientes avenue is considered a traditional “Portena” street and it is famous for its theatre, cinemas and bookshops. Inside the cultural life of the city, the “Teatro Colon” is known because its excellent acoustic and because it is the biggest lyrical theatre in Latin America.
This new neighborhood of Buenos Aires, bounded by Av. Juan B Justo, the streets Paraguay, Dorrego, and Niceto Vega, is in constant growth. The inaugurations of shops are ongoing. Catering establishments highlighted by their original styles, with decorations and advanced eccentrics dishes. Most have garden and terrace. In this picturesque place of the city, you can find many theme bars, nightclubs, art galleries, independent theaters, antique houses and various workshops.
This heart of Palermo Soho brings us to Julio Cortazar Square, in Gorriti street between Serrano and Honduras. We could say that it is the meeting point to being the touring area, its hops, old houses and sunny afternoons.
On weekends we travel the square and watch the exhibition of visual artists, crafstmen, and musicians who show their work.
Today, the area of Palermo is characterized by continuity of shops dedicated to fashion and cuisine, especially in the last hours of the night.
San Telmo has a wide variety of historical sites, such as “Plaza Coronel Dorrego” where the antiques fair of San Pedro Telmo opens from 10am to 5pm; Castagnino’s house, where he lived since 1968, who is famous for his illustrations of Jose Hernandez, Martín Fierro. The Russian Orthodox Church was built in 1904 in a muscovite style from the XVII.
The Lezama Park is where you also find the “Museo Histórico Nacional.” It was declared a Historical Monument. One typical thing in the zone is “El Pasaje de La Defensa,” an old house from the late past century recreated the colonial Buenos Aires.
Today, it is a traditional place where Argentines and foreign tourists may take a walk. Every Sunday, around eight thousand people fill the square and a great variety of objects are offered in the 270 stands of the fair. On Sundays, in the surrounding streets of the square, you can see different artistic tango and folklore shows in addition to plastic artists exhibitions. The fair is in the heart of the traditional San Telmo neighbourhood where many of its old big houses of the 19th century were recycled to become antique shops and first class restaurants.
It was the first port City of Buenos Aires. Since 1938, La Boca has its own Fine Arts Museum, which exhibits Argentinians most important figurative artists, like Quinquela Martín.
In 1940, Boca Juniors Stadium was inaugurated, sheltering one of the most popular football teams of Argentina. There you will find the “Museo de la Pasion Boquense” (Boca Juniors Museum, where this legendary and popular club history becomes true, .That year, Avellaneda Bridge, which acts as a transfer bridge joining the city with the Buenos Aires province through Riachuelo, was replaced by a new one for light transit. As for entertainment, De la Ribera Theatre was built in 1971.
Among the historical sites, Vuelta de Rocha stands out. It was the settlement for the army, created by the admiral Guillermo Brown during the wars for Independence. Also interesting is the Wax-Historical Museum, an exhibition of wax life-size figures.
The port was born and died as what it was, but revived as the biggest refurbishing process of the city; the recycling of its abandoned docks turned into lofts, offices, elegant restaurants and Art places.
Puerto Madero is the last official neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, the less inhabited and the most expensive of the city. It has museums such as the Fragata Sarmiento Museum, which takes it name from the President Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, who was the founder of the Naval School; and Corbeta Museum, which is the oldest ship in Argentina, which arrived in 1874. Puerto Madero also has exclusive places such as the Yacht Club of Puerto Madero, situated in front of dock number 4, where the first international navy operates nowadays.